CULTURAL ADAPTATION AND LINGUISTIC VALIDATION

All cultural adaptations and linguistic validations of our questionnaires have been done by the MAPI Research Institute, Lyon , France who are world leaders in this specialised work. http://www.mapi-research.com

Adapting quality of life questionnaires and health status questionnaires for another language and culture is a great deal more complicated than doing a simple translation. Although the quality of life problems that are important to asthma patients are fairly consistent across continents and cultures, there are occasionally minor differences that need to be taken into consideration. For instance, although ‘feeling frustrated’ is important to patients in most countries, Portuguese patients say they do not experience this emotion, they accept asthma and its effects on their day-to-day lives as something with which they have to live. Parents in North America feel ‘anger’ that their child has asthma whereas in the rest of the world ‘sadness’ is a more commonly identified emotion. Part of the adaptation process must ensure that the problems that are important to local patients are included in the new language (‘content validity’). It is also important to adapt the Asthma Control Questionnaire to the local culture using the words that patients themselves use to describe their asthma symptoms.

The process of cultural adaptation involves the local team of MAPI translators working closely with the developer (EFJ). Members of the MAPI team are not only medical linguists but also skilled in clinical measurement and scaling. There are usually two forward translations by independent translators whose primary language is the one into which the questionnaire is being translated. There is then a reconciliation of the two forward translations followed by two backward translations, ideally by people whose primary language is English. Probably the most important part of the whole process is the testing in patients (cognitive debriefing). This is done in a clinic with the assistance of a local leading asthma/rhinoconjunctivitis clinician. The purpose of this phase is to ensure that the words chosen by the translators are easily and accurately understood by patients and that all the important problems have been included. It is essential to use the words that patients themselves use to describe their symptoms and limitations, not the terms used by clinicians.

Ideally, every new cultural adaptation should undergo a complete measurement property validation. However, this is expensive and time-consuming. However, there is now good evidence that if the cultural adaptation is done to a high standard, the resulting questionnaire will have measurement properties very similar to those of the original. All the cultural adaptations of the AQLQ, done by MAPI, that have undergone complete validation studies have shown the same measurement properties and evidence of validity as the original instrument. This provides strong evidence that we can have confidence in the validity of all languages of our questionnaires. The MAPI Research Institute can provide certificates of linguistic validity for all languages of all our questionnaires

When a questionnaire is used in a multinational clinical trial, data from the various countries can be used to confirm the consistency of the measurement properties (usually responsiveness and construct validity) across languages. Cronbach’s alpha will provide evidence of the internal consistency of the items across the different languages but such analyses make the assumption that similar patients were enrolled in each country and that they have all responded in a similar manner to the intervention.

References

  • Acquadro C, Conway K, Giroudet C, Mear I. Linguistic validation manual for patient-reported outcomes (PRO) instruments. 2004; MAPI Research Institute, Lyon , France .
  • Juniper EF, Guyatt GH, Ferrie PJ, Griffith LE. Measuring quality of life in asthma. Am Rev Respir Dis 1993; 147: 832-838.
  • Sanjuas C, Alonso J, Sanchis J, Casan P, Broquetas JM, Ferrie PJ, Juniper EF, Anto JM. The quality of life questionnaire with asthma patients; the Spanish version of the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire. Archivos de Bronconeumologia 1995; 31: 219-226.
  • Rutten-van Molken MPMH, Clusters F, Van Doorslaer EKA, Jansen CCM, Heurman L, Maesen FPV, Smeets JJ, Bommer AM, Raaijmakers JAM. Comparison of performance of four instruments in evaluating the effects of salmeterol on asthma quality of life. Eur Respir J 1995; 8: 888-98.
  • Stahl E, Postma DS, Juniper EF, Svensson K, Mear I, Lofdahl C-G. Health-related quality of life in asthma studies. Can we combine data from different countries? Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 2003; 16: 53 -59.

ASTHMA QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRES


ASTHMA QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE

Original language : English for North America

Argentina : Spanish
Australia : English
Austria : German
Belgium : Dutch (Flemish)
Belgium : French (Walloon)
Brazil : Portuguese
Bulgaria : Bulgarian
Canada : French
Chile : Spanish
China : Mandarin
Colombia : Spanish
Costa Rica : Spanish
Croatia : Croatian
Czech Republic
Denmark : Danish
Ecuador : Spanish
Estonia : Estonian
Finland : Finnish
France : French
Germany : German
Greece : Greek
Guatemala : Spanish
Honduras : Spanish
Hong Kong :Cantonese
Hong Kong : English
Hungary : Hungarian
India : Bengali
India : English
India : Gujarati
India : Hindi
India : Kannada
India : Malayalam
India : Marathi
India : Punjabi
India : Tamil
India : Telugu
India : Urdu
Indonesia : Indonesian
Israel : Hebrew
Italy : Italian
Japan : Japanese
Korea : Korean
Latvia : Latvian
Latvia : Russian
Lebanon : Arabic
Lithuania : Lithuanian
Macedonia : Macedonian
Malaysia : English
Malaysia : Malay
Malaysia : Chinese Mandarin
Malaysia : Tamil
Mexico : Spanish
Netherlands : Dutch
New Zealand : English
Norway : Norwegian
Pakistan : Urdu
Panama: Spanish
Peru : Spanish
Philippines : Cebuano
Philippines : English
Philippines : Filipino
Poland : Polish
Portugal : Portuguese
Puerto Rico : Spanish
Romania : Romanian
Russia : Russian
Serbia : Serbian
Singapore : English
Singapore : Malay
Singapore : Chinese Mandarin
Slovakia : Slovakian
Slovenia : Slovenian
South Africa : Afrikaans
South Africa : English
South Africa : Zulu
Spain : Spanish
Sweden : Swedish
Taiwan : Chinese Mandarin
Thailand : Thai
Turkey : Turkish
Ukraine : Russian
Ukraine : Ukrainian
United Kingdom : English
USA : Spanish
Venezuela : Spanish
Vietnam : Vietnamese


STANDARDISED ASTHMA QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE

Original language : English for North America

Argentina : Spanish
Australia : English
Austria : German
Belgium : Dutch (Flemish)
Belgium : French (Walloon)
Brazil : Portuguese
Bulgaria : Bulgarian
Canada : French
Chile : Spanish
China : Mandarin
Colombia : Spanish
Costa Rica : Spanish
Croatia : Croatian
Czech Republic (self only)
Denmark : Danish
Ecuador : Spanish
Egypt : Arabic
Estonia : Estonian
Estonia : Russian
Finland : Finnish
Finland : Swedish
France : French
Georgia : Georgian
Germany : German
Greece : Greek
Guatemala : Spanish
Honduras : Spanish
Hong Kong : Cantonese
Hong Kong : English
Hungary : Hungarian
Iceland : Icelandic
India : Bengali
India : English
India : Gujarati
India : Hindi
India : Kannada
India : Malayalam
India : Marathi
India : Punjabi
India : Tamil
India : Telugu
India : Urdu
Indonesia : Indonesian
Israel : Arabic
Israel : Hebrew
Israel : Russian
Italy : Italian
Japan : Japanese
Korea : Korean
Latvia : Latvian
Latvia : Russian
Lebanon : Arabic
Lithuania : Lithuanian
Lithuania : Russian
Macedonia : Macedonian
Malaysia : English
Malaysia : Malay
Malaysia : Chinese Mandarin
Malaysia : Tamil
Mexico : Spanish
Netherlands : Dutch
New Zealand : English
Norway : Norwegian
Pakistan : Urdu
Panama : Spanish
Peru : Spanish
Philippines : Cebuano
Philippines : English
Philippines : Filipino
Poland : Polish
Portugal : Portuguese
Puerto Rico : Spanish
Romania : Romanian
Russia : Russian
Serbia : Serbian
Singapore : English
Singapore : Malay
Singapore : Chinese Mandarin
Slovakia : Slovakian
Slovenia : Slovenian
South Africa : Afrikaans
South Africa : English
South Africa : Sesotho
South Africa : Xhosa
South Africa : Zulu
Spain : Spanish
Sri Lanka : Sinhalese
Sri Lanka : Tamil
Sweden : Swedish
Switzerland : German
Switzerland : Italian
Taiwan : Mandarin
Thailand : Thai
Turkey : Turkish
Ukraine : Russian
Ukraine : Ukrainian
United Kingdom : English
USA : Spanish
Venezuela : Spanish
Vietnam : Vietnamese


MINI ASTHMA QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE

Original language : English for North America

Australia : English
Austria : German
Belgium : Dutch (Flemish)
Brazil : Portuguese
Canada : French
Chile : Spanish
China : Mandarin
Colombia : Spanish
Costa Rica : Spanish
Czech Republic : Czech
Denmark : Danish
Ecuador : Spanish
Egypt : Arabic
Estonia : Estonian
Estonia : Russian
Finland : Finnish
France : French
Georgia : Georgian
Germany : German
Greece : Greek
Guatemala : Spanish
Honduras : Spanish
Hungary : Hungarian
Iceland : Icelandic
India : Bengali
India : English
India : Hindi
India : Kannada
India : Marathi
Israel : Arabic
Israel : Hebrew
Israel : Russian
Italy : Italian
Japan : Japanese
Korea : Korean
Latvia : Latvian
Lebanon : Arabic
Lithuania : Lithuanian
Lithuania : Russian
Macedonia : Macedonian
Malaysia : English
Malaysia : Malay
Malaysia : Tamil
Netherlands : Dutch
Norway : Norwegian
Panama : Spanish
Peru : Spanish
Philippines : Cebuano
Poland : Polish
Portugal : Portuguese
Puerto Rico : Spanish
Russia : Russian
Serbia : Serbian
Singapore : Malay
Singapore : Chinese Mandarin
Slovakia : Slovakian
Slovenia : Slovenian
South Africa : Afrikaans
South Africa : Sesotho
South Africa : Xhosa
South Africa : Zulu
Spain : Spanish
Sri Lanka : Sinhalese
Sri Lanka : Tamil
Sweden : Swedish
Switerland : German
Switzerland : Italian
Taiwan : Chinese Mandarin
Thailand : Thai
Turkey : Turkish
Ukraine : Russia
Ukraine : Ukrainian
United Kingdom : English
USA : Spanish
Venezuela : Spanish


ASTHMA QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE FOR 12 YEARS AND OLDER

Original language : English for North America

Argentina : Spanish
Australia : English
Austria : German
Belgium : Dutch (Flemish)
Belgium : French (Walloon)
Brazil : Portuguese
Bulgaria : Bulgarian
Canada : French
Chile : Spanish
China : Mandarin
Colombia : Spanish
Costa Rica : Spanish
Croatia : Croatian
Czech Republic : Czech
Denmark : Danish
Ecuador : Spanish
Egypt : Arabic
Estonia : Estonian
Estonia : Russian
Finland : Finnish
France : French
Georgia : Georgian
Germany : German
Greece : Greek
Guatemala : Spanish
Honduras : Spanish
Hong Kong : Cantonese
Hong Kong : English
Hungary : Hungarian
Iceland : Icelandic
India : Bengali
India : English
India : Gujarati
India : Hindi
India : Kannada
India : Malayalam
India : Marathi
India : Punjabi
India : Tamil
India : Telugu
India : Urdu
Indonesia : Indonesian
Israel : Arabic
Israel : Hebrew
Israel : Russian
Italy : Italian
Japan : Japanese
Korea : Korean
Latvia : Latvian
Latvia : Russian
Lithuania : Lithuanian
Lithuania : Russian
Malaysia : Malay
Malaysia : Chinese Mandarin
Mexico : Spanish
Netherlands : Dutch
New Zealand : English
Norway : Norwegian
Peru : Spanish
Philippines : Cebuano
Philippines : English
Philippines : Filipino
Poland : Polish
Portugal : Portuguese
Puerto Rico : Spanish
Romania : Romanian
Russia : Russian
Serbia : Serbian
Slovakia : Slovakian
Slovenia : Slovenian
South Africa : Afrikaans
South Africa : English
South Africa : Sesotho
South Africa : Xhosa
South Africa : Zulu
Spain : Spanish
Sri Lanka : Tamil
Sweden : Swedish
Switzerland : German
Switzerland : Italian
Taiwan: Chinese Mandarin
Thailand : Thai
Turkey : Turkish
Ukraine : Russian
Ukraine : Ukrainian
United Kingdom : English
USA : Spanish
Venezuela : Spanish
Vietnam : Vietnamese

ACUTE ASTHMA QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE

Original language : English for North America

Canada : French
Thailand : Thai

[Top of AQLQ List]


PAEDIATRIC ASTHMA QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRES


PAEDIATRIC ASTHMA QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE

Original language : English for North America

Argentina : Spanish
Australia : English
Belgium : Dutch (Flemish)
Belgium : French (Walloon)
Brazil : Portuguese
Bulgaria : Bulgarian
Canada : French
Chile : Spanish
China : Mandarin
Colombia : Spanish
Czech Republic : Czech
Denmark : Danish
Finland : Finnish
France : French
Georgia : Georgian
Germany : German
Guatemala : Spanish
Hungary : Hungarian
India : English
India : Gujarati
India : Hindi
India : Kannada
Indonesia : Indonesian
Israel : Hebrew
Italy : Italian
Korea : Korean
Latvia : Latvian
Latvia : Russian
Lithuania : Lithuanian
Lithuania : Russian
Macedonia : Macedonian
Malaysia : Chinese Mandarin
Malaysia : Malay
Mexico : Spanish
Netherlands : Dutch
New Zealand : English (Self only)
Norway : Norwegian
Peru : Spanish
Philippines : English
Philippines : Filipino
Philippines : Hiligaynon
Poland : Polish
Portugal : Portuguese
Romania : Romanian
Russia : Russian
Serbia : Serbian
Singapore : Chinese Mandarin
Slovakia : Slovakian
South Africa : Afrikaans
South Africa : English
South Africa : Xhosa
Spain : Spanish
Sweden : Swedish
Taiwan: Chinese Mandarin
Thailand : Thai
Turkey : Turkish
Ukraine : Russian
Ukraine : Ukrainian
United Arab Emirates : Arabic
United Kingdom : English
USA : Spanish
West Indies : English (self only)

STANDARDISED PAEDIATRIC ASTHMA QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE

Original language : English for North America

Argentina : Spanish
Australia : English
Austria : German
Belgium : Dutch (Flemish)
Belgium : French (Walloon)
Brazil : Portuguese
Bulgaria : Bulgarian
Canada : French
Chile : Spanish
China : Mandarin
Colombia : Spanish
Czech Republic : Czech
Denmark : Danish
Finland : Finnish
France : French
Georgia : Georgian
Germany : German
Guatemala : Spanish
Hungary : Hungarian
India : English
India : Gujarati
India : Hindi
India : Kannada
Indonesia : Indonesian
Israel : Hebrew
Italy : Italian
Korea : Korean
Latvia : Latvian
Latvia : Russian
Lithuania : Lithuanian
Lithuania : Russian
Malaysia : Chinese Mandarin
Malaysia : Malay
Mexico : Spanish
Netherlands : Dutch
New Zealand : English
Norway : Norwegian
Peru : Spanish
Philippines : English
Philippines : Filipino

Philippines : Hiligaynon
Poland : Polish
Portugal : Portuguese
Romania : Romanian
Russia : Russian
Serbia : Serbian
Singapore : Chinese Mandarin
Slovakia : Slovakian
South Africa : Afrikaans
South Africa : English
South Africa : Xhosa
Spain : Spanish
Sweden : Swedish
Taiwan: Chinese Mandarin
Thailand : Thai
Turkey : Turkish
Ukraine : Russian
Ukraine : Ukrainian
United Kingdom : English
USA : Spanish

MINI PAEDIATRIC ASTHMA QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE

Original language : English for North America

Georgia : Georgian
Guatemala : Spanish
India : English
India : Gujarati
India : Hindi
India : Kannada
Korea : Korean
Latvia : Latvian
Latvia : Russian
Lithuania : Lithuanian
Lithuania : Russian
Panama : Spanish

Philippines : Hiligaynon
South Africa : Xhosa
Ukraine : Russian
Ukraine : Ukrainian
United Kingdom : English (Self only)


STANDARDISED PAEDIATRIC ASTHMA CAREGIVERS QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE

Original language : English for North America

Argentina : Spanish
Australia : English
Belgium : French (Walloon)
Brazil : Portuguese
Bulgaria : Bulgarian
Canada : French
Chile : Spanish
Colombia : Spanish
Costa Rica : Spanish
Czech Republic : Czech
Denmark : Danish
Finland : Finnish
France : French
Germany : German
Guatemala : Spanish
Hong Kong : Cantonese
Hungary : Hungarian
India : Gujarati
India : Hindi
India : Kannada
India : Malayalam
India : Marathi
India : Punjabi
India : Tamil
India : Telegu
Israel : Arabic
Israel : Hebrew
Israel : Russian
Korea : Korean
Mexico : Spanish
Netherlands : Dutch
Norway : Norwegian
Peru : Spanish
Poland : Polish
Portugal : Portuguese
Russia : Russian
Serbia : Serbian
Slovakia : Slovakian
South Africa : Afrikaans
South Africa : English
South Africa : Sesotho
South Africa : Zulu
Spain : Spanish
Sweden : Swedish
Taiwan : Chinese Mandarin
Ukraine : Ukrainian
United Arab Emirates : Arabic
United Kingdom : English
USA : Spanish
Venezuela : Spanish


[Top of PAQLQ List]


RHINOCONJUNCTIVITIS QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRES


RHINOCONJUNCTIVITIS QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE

Original language : English for North America

Australia : English
Austria : German
Belgium : Dutch (Flemish)
Belgium : French (Walloon)
Bulgaria : Bulgarian
Canada : French
China : Mandarin
Czech Republic : Czech
Denmark : Danish
Estonia : Estonian
Finland : Finnish
France : French
Germany : German
Greece : Greek
Hungary : Hungarian
India : Bengali
India : Hindi
India : Kannada
India : Marathi
India : Telugu
Italy : Italian
Japan : Japanese
Korea : Korean
Latvia : Latvian
Lithuania : Lithuanian
Macedonia : Macedonian
Netherlands : Dutch
New Zealand : English
Norway : Norwegian
Poland : Polish
Portugal : Portuguese
Romania : Romanian
Russia : Russian
Saudi Arabia : Arabic (Int only)
Slovakia : Slovakian
South Africa : Afrikaans
Spain : Spanish
Sweden : Swedish
Switzerland : German
Turkey : Turkish
Ukraine : Ukrainian
United Kingdom : English
USA : Spanish (Self only)


STANDARDISED RHINOCONJUNCTIVITIS QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE  

Original language : English for North America

Australia : English
Austria : German
Belgium : Dutch (Flemish)
Belgium : French (Walloon)
Bulgaria : Bulgarian
Canada : French
Chile : Spanish (Self only)
China : Mandarin
Czech Republic : Czech
Denmark : Danish
Estonia : Estonian
Finland : Finnish
Finland : Swedish
France : French
Georgia : Georgian
Germany : German
Greece : Greek
Hungary : Hungarian
India : Bengali
India : Hindi
India : Kannada
India : Marathi
India : Telugu
Israel : Arabic
Israel : Hebrew
Israel : Russian
Italy : Italian
Japan : Japanese
Korea : Korean
Latvia : Latvian
Lithuania : Lithuanian
Mexico : Spanish
Netherlands : Dutch
New Zealand : English
Norway : Norwegian
Poland : Polish
Portugal : Portuguese
Romania : Romanian
Russia : Russian
Saudi Arabia : Arabic
Slovakia : Slovakian
Slovenia : Slovenian
South Africa : Afrikaans
South Africa : English (Self only)
Spain : Spanish
Sweden : Swedish
Switzerland : German
Turkey : Turkish
Ukraine : Ukrainian
United Kingdom : English
USA : Spanish (Self only)

STANDARDISED RHINOCONJUNCTIVITIS QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE + 12 Self

Original language : English for North America

Austria : German
Belgium : Dutch (Flemish)
Belgium : French (Walloon)
Bulgaria : Bulgarian
Canada : French
Czech Republic : Czech
Denmark : Danish
Estonia : Estonian
Finland : Finnish
Finland : Swedish
France : French
Georgia : Georgian
Germany : German
Hungary : Hungarian
Israel : Arabic
Israel : Hebrew
Israel : Russian
Italy : Italian
Latvia : Latvian
Lithuania : Lithuanian
Mexico : Spanish
Poland : Polish
Russia : Russian
Slovakia : Slovakian
Spain : Spanish
Sweden : Swedish
Turkey : Turkish
Ukraine : Ukrainian
United Kingdom : English
USA : Spanish

MINI RHINOCONJUNCTIVITIS QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE

Original language : English for North America

Australia : English
Austria : German
Belgium : Dutch (Flemish)
Belgium : French (Walloon)
Bulgaria : Bulgarian
Canada : French
Chile : Spanish
Czech Republic : Czech
Denmark : Danish
Estonia : Estonian
Finland : Finnish
Finland : Swedish
France : French
Germany : German
Greece : Greek
Hungary : Hungarian
India : Bengali
India : Hindi
India : Kannada
India : Marathi
India : Telugu
Israel : Arabic
Israel : Hebrew
Israel : Russian
Italy : Italian
Japan : Japanese
Korea : Korean
Latvia : Latvian
Lithuania : Lithuanian
Mexico : Spanish
Netherlands : Dutch
New Zealand : English
Norway : Norwegian
Poland : Polish
Portugal : Portuguese
Romania : Romanian
Russia : Russian
Saudi Arabia : Arabic
Slovakia : Slovakian
Slovenia : Slovenian
South Africa : Afrikaans
Spain : Spanish
Sweden : Swedish
Switzerland : German
Turkey : Turkish
Ukraine : Ukrainian
United Kingdom : English
USA : Spanish

NOCTURNAL RHINOCONJUNCTIVITIS QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE

Original language : English for North America

[Top of RQLQ List]


PAEDIATRIC RHINOCONJUNCTIVITIS QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRES


ADOLESCENT RHINOCONJUNCTIVITIS QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE

Original language : English for North America

Denmark : Danish
France : French
Germany : German
Hungary : Hungarian
Netherlands : Dutch
Romania : Romanian
Slovakia : Slovakian
Spain : Spanish
Ukraine : Russian
Ukraine : Ukrainian


PAEDIATRIC RHINOCONJUNCTIVITIS QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE

Original language : English for North America

Canada : French
Denmark : Danish
*France : French
Germany : German
Hungary : Hungarian
Netherlands : Dutch

*Self & Interviewer (all others Interviewer only)

[Top of PRQLQ List]

Romania : Romanian
Russia : Russian
Slovakia : Slovakian
South Africa : Afrikaans
South Africa : English
Spain : Spanish
Turkey : Turkish
Ukraine : Ukrainian
UK : English
USA : Cuban American & Puerto Rican
USA : Mexican American

ASTHMA CONTROL QUESTIONNAIRES


ASTHMA CONTROL QUESTIONNAIRE

Original language : English for North America

Argentina : Spanish
Australia : English
Austria : German
Belgium : Dutch (Flemish)
Belgium : French (Walloon)
Brazil : Portuguese
Bulgaria : Bulgarian
Canada : French
Chile : Spanish
China : Mandarin
Colombia : Spanish
Costa Rica : Spanish
Croatia : Croatian
Czech Republic : Czech
Denmark : Danish
Ecuador : Spanish
Egypt : Arabic
Estonia : Estonian
Estonia : Russian
Finland : Finnish
Finland : Swedish
France : French
Georgia : Georgian
Georgia : Russian
Germany : German
Greece : Greek
Guatemala : Spanish
Honduras : Spanish
Hong Kong :Cantonese
Hong Kong : English
Hungary : Hungarian
Iceland : Icelandic
India : Bengali
India : English
India : Gujarati
India : Hindi
India : Kannada
India : Malayalam
India : Marathi
India : Punjabi
India : Tamil
India : Telugu
India : Urdu
Indonesia : Indonesian
Israel : Arabic
Israel : Hebrew
Israel : Russian
Italy : Italian
Japan : Japanese
Korea : Korean
Latvia : Latvian
Latvia : Russian
Lebanon : Arabic
Lithuania : Lithuanian
Lithuania : Russian
Macedonia : Macedonian
Malaysia : English
Malaysia : Malay
Malaysia : Chinese Mandarin
Malaysia : Tamil
Mexico : Spanish
Moldavia : Moldavian
Moldavia : Russian
Netherlands : Dutch
New Zealand : English
Norway : Norwegian
Pakistan : Urdu
Panama: Spanish
Peru : Spanish
Philippines : Cebuano
Philippines : English
Philippines : Filipino
Philippines : Hiligaynon
Poland : Polish
Portugal : Portuguese
Puerto Rico : Spanish
Romania : Romanian
Russia : Russian
Serbia : Serbian
Singapore : Chinese Mandarin
Singapore : English
Singapore : Malay
Slovakia : Slovakian
Slovenia : Slovenian
South Africa : Afrikaans
South Africa : English
South Africa : Sesotho
South Africa : Xhosa
South Africa : Zulu
Spain : Spanish
Sri Lanka : Sinhalese
Sri Lanka : Tamil
Sweden : Swedish
Switzerland : French
Switzerland : German
Switzerland : Italian
Taiwan : Chinese
Thailand : Thai
Turkey : Turkish
Ukraine : Russian
Ukraine : Ukrainian
United Kingdom : English
USA : Spanish
Venezuela : Spanish
Vietnam : Vietnamese

ASTHMA CONTROL QUESTIONNAIRES


ASTHMA CONTROL QUESTIONNAIRE

INTERVIEWER-ADMINISTERED FOR CHILDREN 6 – 10 YEARS

Original language : English for UK

Argentina : Spanish
Australia : English
Belgium : Dutch (Flemish)
Belgium : French (Walloon)
Brazil : Portuguese
Bulgaria : Bulgarian
China : Mandarin
Czech Republic : Czech
Germany : German
Guatemala : Spanish
Hungary : Hungarian
India : English
India : Gujarati
India : Hindi
India : Kannada
Japan : Japanese
Korea : Korean
Latvia : Latvian
Latvia : Russian
Lithuania : Lithuanian
Lithuania : Russian
Norway : Norwegian
Peru : Spanish
Poland : Polish
Portugal : Portuguese
Romania : Romanian
Russia : Russian
Slovakia : Slovakian
Sweden : Swedish
Taiwan : Chinese Mandarin
Ukraine : Russian
Ukraine : Ukrainian
United Kingdom : English
United States : English (North America)
USA : Spanish

 

 

 

 

 


ASTHMA CONTROL DIARY

Original language : English for North America

Argentina : Spanish
Australia : English
Austria : German
Belgium : Dutch (Flemish)
Belgium : French (Walloon)
Brazil : Portuguese
Bulgaria : Bulgarian
Canada : French
Chile : Spanish
Colombia : Spanish
Czech Republic : Czech
Estonia : Estonian
Estonia : Russian
Finland : Finnish
France : French
Germany : German
Greece : Greek
Guatemala : Spanish
Hungary : Hungarian
India : Bengali
India : English
India : Gujarati
India : Hindi
India : Kannada
India : Malayalam
India : Marathi
India : Tamil
India : Telugu
India : Urdu
Italy : Italian
Japan : Japanese
Latvia : Latvian
Latvia : Russian
Lithuania : Lithuanian
Lithuania : Russian
Mexico : Spanish
Netherlands : Dutch
Peru : Spanish
Philippines : Filipino
Poland : Polish
Portugal : Portuguese
Puerto Rico : Spanish
Romania : Romanian
Russia : Russian
Serbia : Serbian
Slovakia : Slovakian
Slovenia : Slovenian
South Africa : Afrikaans
South Africa : English
South Africa : Xhosa
South Africa : Zulu
Spain : Spanish
Sweden : Swedish
Switzerland : French
Switzerland : German
Switzerland : Italian
Turkey : Turkish
Ukraine : Ukrainian
United Kingdom : English
USA : Spanish
Venezuela : Spanish
Vietnam : Vietnamese